John Zarcone, MD
state-of-the-art varicose vein & spider vein treatment
Estrogen: plays a role in the development of spider and varicose veins in
women.  15-20% of men will develop varicose veins.

Pregnancy:  Increased volume of blood in the body, increased pressure
in the pelvic veins and increased hormone levels due to pregnancy can
lead to varicose veins.

Obesity:  for the same reasons that pregnancy can cause varicose veins
to develop, the chronicity of being overweight is a major determinant.

Occupational:  Prolonged sitting or standing results in pooling of blood
in the leg veins that distorts them leading to venous insufficiency.  
Hairdressers, teachers, waitresses/waiters, nurses, clerical workers
and cashiers are some of the occupations at greatest risk.

Age:  The natural elasticity of vein walls deteriorate with age leading to
dilated and tortuous veins.  Many accept that this is a natural part of
aging and ignore their symptoms.

History of blood clots (DVT):  Previous clots destroy the valves of the
veins rendering them insufficient and prone to severe reflux.

Trauma:  Injury to the legs can damage underlying blood vessels and
add to the problem.
Veins are truly an important part of the vascular system though for many
years have been overlooked as a major cause of disability.  While
arteries deliver blood to bodily tissues, healthy veins transport the blood
back to the heart using one-way valves.  As one gets older, veins lose
their elasticity causing them to stretch out.  Varicose veins occur when
the valves in your veins malfunction often due to this stretching that does
not allow the valves to close tightly.  Blood then reverses its direction and
flows back down into the veins of one’s legs and pools.  This overfills
and distends these veins until they bulge and become visibly enlarged
and grotesquely deformed.  

Varicose veins can be more than unsightly however.  Varicose veins can
compromise the nutrition of the skin and lead to eczema, inflammation
or even ulceration of the lower leg.  They can be quite painful.  In severe
cases they can rupture and bleed profusely or result in open ulcerations.  
Today more than
25 million Americans suffer from varicose veins and
greater than 50% of the adult population from some type of vein

Many factors can contribute to the development of varicose veins:

Heredity:   A woman has a 60-70% likelihood of developing varicose
veins if her mother had them.

Gender:  While vein disorders occur in men and women of all ages, 70%
of women will develop spider veins and nearly 30% will develop varicose
veins over their lifetime.